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July 10, 2017 by

Embroidering a Jewish Life

God Counts the Stars, 2015, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Bookman.

God Counts the Stars, 2015, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Bookman.

Embroidery has been part of my life for over two decades; it is a core Jewish practice for me and an entry point into sacred texts. I design Judaic embroidery, starting with words from Torah or liturgy, then elucidating and interpreting the words with needle and thread. But before I discovered my embroidery passion, I’d thought about needlecraft only in limited ways.

In college, some 40 years ago, I read an article about Colonial quilt-making for an anthropology class. The author wondered why Colonial women would commit to such a painstakingly slow production process. Indeed, needlecraft is very laborious! Designing and stitching an embroidery canvas can take me easily 150 hours.

The author’s hypothesis was that usually women were responsible for repetitive production processes which had temporary outcomes, living under a tyranny of iterative tasks. Women cooked and fed their families; hunger returned anew. We laundered clothing; those garments became soiled. We cleaned; dirt arose again in every corner. Quilting, the author concluded, allowed women to participate in permanent material culture, establishing and recording their presence. Perhaps not as physical as barn-raising (and not as well paid?), but still valued. 

In my adult life, I’ve become aware of the impermanence of traditional female tasks, though my responses to the feeding-laundering-cleaning conundrums of Colonial women may have differed. Raising four children, I cycled through three basic lentil recipes at dinner and taught my kids to use the washing machine. As for cleaning, my mantra became “as long as the kids don’t get cholera, the house is clean enough.” They didn’t, and it was. 

Book Cover-1But I do embroider—vigorously, creatively, spiritually. Am I, as was alleged for our Colonial quilters, seeking immortality in material culture? That premise seems a bit specious: what we call women’s work (and what that treatise I read in college alleged was impermanent) is indeed permanent work: a long-term investment in the continuity and culture of humanity, as stabilizing as building a barn. But material culture has its purpose—useful, beautiful, necessary, communal. My framed embroidery pieces adorn the walls of my home and shul, and I dream that one day they will be passed to future descendants, or even considered museum-worthy. Just in case they aren’t, I’ve made a dive at immortality by sharing them in a book, Embroidery and Sacred Text (2017).

In contrast, the process of designing and creating the embroidery is not about seeking permanence. For me, it has become a potent practice of living Torah and enacting Jewish life, rather than documenting myself for future generations. These experiences unfold in the offering of a drasha, a textual commentary, within the design itself, and indeed, in the repetitive glide of the needle through the fabric. 

Jewish life is built around repetition, as can be attested by anyone who has slogged through a Torah reading about details of Sanctuary construction or particulars of sacrificial offerings. The former, including the lampstand of the Sanctuary, was a permanent aspect of Israelite material culture. In contrast, we who have fallen in love with our babies’ peculiar little scents fully appreciate that the fleeting sweet savors of the sacrifices might have ingratiated an ancient Israelite with the Deity.                                       

Lampstand, 2016, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Bookman.

Lampstand, 2016, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Bookman.

Perhaps it’s the statistician in me that is so attracted to these “boring,” repetitive verses. The verse that is worked into “Lampstand,” pictured above (2016) includes this construction detail: “a knob beneath two stems, from it, a knob beneath two stems, from it, and a knob beneath two stems, from it, for the six stems that issue from the Lampstand” (Exodus 25:35, translation by Everett Fox). Hearing that verse 0f Torah read aloud, emphatically, made me want to embroider the knobs, all the more emphatically.

Another favorite text is the list of Israelite stops in the wilderness of Sinai. The Book of Numbers, Chapter 33, lists 42 stops made by the Israelites as they progressed to Jericho, before entering the Promised Land. Remarkably, each stop is listed twice: “They set out from Hazeroth and encamped at Rithmah. They set out from Rithmah and encamped at Rimmon-perez. They set out from Rimmon-perez and encamped at…” (JPS). Moved by the rhythm of those repetitions, I embroidered the place names around the border of “Bamidbar: In the Wilderness(2011). 

Gertrude Stein wrote, “There is the important question of repetition and is there any such thing.… I first really realized the inevitable repetition in human expression that was not repetition but insistence” (“Portraits and Repetition,” in Lectures in America, 1935).[1]

Was the repetition of names and verbs describing their travels—setting out and encamping—insistence that the Israelite journeys could not easily be distilled? Surely, in God’s recurring acts of protection and anger; in Moses’ stream of reflection, rebuke, and encouragement; and in the Israelites’ stirrings of joy, desperation, and disappointment, there was much insistence and less mere repetition. I used the embroidery patterns of “Bamidbar” to develop that drasha in thread. Each pattern block (so-called blackwork embroidery) varies in geometric symmetry: a mixture of reflections, translations, and rotations. The placement of patterns and colors gives the piece, overall, an essential 180° rotational symmetry. The intention is to convey movement, unevenness, and variations of order and disarray– much like the biblical journeys described in Numbers. 

Bamidbar: in the Wilderness, 2011, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Brookman.

Bamidbar: in the Wilderness, 2011, Rachel Braun. Scan by Philip Brookman.

If part of the human task is to seek the Divine by emulating God’s behaviors, we embroiderers are in a good place. The embroidery “God Counts the Stars” (2015), pictured at the top of this article, quotes Psalm 147:4-5: “God counts the stars, giving each a name; with grandeur and power, wisdom beyond measure” (my translation). God counts the stars! That God painstakingly conducts a celestial census, and in doing so honors individuality in each, certainly touches a statistician’s heart. What patience that takes! What concentration, and attention to detail! Just like stitching—patient, intentional, repetitive, faithful. And just as God names the stars, the embroidery gives each star its own needlework pattern. The art interprets the text, but it also mimics the text, and exposes the text.

The anthropologist was wrong. Repetition and renewal are not circumstances to be requited with permanence. Rather, they pulsate with the rhythm of life, honoring the endurance of its fragility and the individuality of seemingly identical elements, be they meals of a Colonial household, knobs of the Sanctuary lampstand, or stars in the sky. Repetition is everywhere in Jewish life: in sacred text, in the cyclical reading of Torah, in counting stars, in the geometric patterns of blackwork design, in the embroiderer’s steady hand on the fabric, in Jews’ never-ending celebration of words. With each repetition, we insist that we will seek and savor that which is sacred.


[1]I am indebted to Lisa Newell z”l for introducing me to Stein’s ideas. Addressing a Fabrangen Havurah High Holiday service long ago in Washington, D.C., Lisa wondered aloud why we had so many Amidahs to recite and to repeat. Paraphrasing Gertrude Stein, Lisa explained, “Repetition is insistence!” Among her many accomplishments, Lisa was co-counsel in the 1983 landmark comparable-worth case, challenging women’s wages paid by the State of Washington. She died in 2000.


Rachel Braun explores how Jewish texts can be embroidered—literally and figuratively—in original needlecraft designs. The results have been elegant and inspiring, and have graced the walls of libraries and places of worship. Rachel is a Torah chanter, synagogue service leader, Jewish educator, and high school math and statistics teacher. Her talents—artistic, spiritual, and mathematical—come together in her book Embroidery and Sacred Text: New Designs in Jewish Needlework (Bookbaby, 2017). In it, she presents color photographs of 19 new designs, 40 embroidery motifs, and 10 new embroidery alphabets, in Hebrew and English, accompanied with illuminating commentary on the designs’ spiritual lessons, needlework techniques, and underlying mathematical structures. Her website is www.rachelbraun.net.

The views and opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect those of Lilith Magazine. 

 

 


  • Dale Lupu

    Wow. I’ve seen these works of Rachel’s and they are moving. Rachel’s explanation of the process moves me as well. Thank you.

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  • Esther Siegel

    Thank you for Rachel Braun’s blog “Embroidering a Jewish Life”. I’ve already given several of her books to artists
    friends around the country. This current piece is exquisite and I hope
    you will bring us
    more of her work. She is an eloquent
    writer, filled with knowledge, wisdom, insights,
    depth and love (and quite often humor!). Lilith is the
    perfect place for her writing. So thank you for
    including her work.

    As an aside, in
    her last paragraph about Lisa Newell, of blessed memory, and her
    work challenging
    women’s wages, Lisa also hunted and prosecuted Nazis
    and was
    the attorney for workers’ rights
    at local hotels. I was a notary
    at the time, and in a
    clandestine way, I parked my car
    at the side door of one of the
    downtown hotels, and one by one,
    the maids snuck out, got into
    my car and signed a
    complaint. It was one of the
    most scary and uplifting
    things I had done. While I
    was terrified (the women
    were quite terrified
    as well), Lisa
    had a way of bringing us
    all in to help in small
    and big ways, for social justice.

    I’m glad Rachel
    honored Lisa
    in her piece.

    Thanks
    you also for
    Lilith and please
    keep doing the
    amazing work you
    do.

    Esther Siegel
    Takoma Park, MD

  • Rick LaRue

    Insightful and fascinating. Repetition and im/permanence will carry new meanings for me. Thank you, Rachel Braun.

  • Norma Brooks

    This is now the 5th time that I have read this article. Upon the first reading, I felt as if I couldn’t catch my breath. There is so much rich content from the “living Torah” to “repetition and renewal” and the role of art in interpreting sacred text. It was especially nice to hear this written in a personal voice.