The so-called solutions of these initiatives often fit within a victim-blaming paradigm — learn self-defense, gain confidence to ask for a raise. Yet clearly the responsibility in situations of violence and discrimination is on the abuser, not the victim. These kinds of programs (that also ignore psychological reactions and generations of socialization) reinforce the belief that women are to blame for their “misfortunes” (another word used to minimize women’s suffering.) “Why didn’t you fight back?” or “why didn’t you ask for a raise?” Well how about asking why he was raping me? — isn’t that a more relevant question?
Sometimes it just feels like women’s empowerment initiatives are supposed to shut me up, make me feel warm, pink and fuzzy; and forget about all the things that make me angry.
The concept of women’s empowerment is, in fact, used in many commercials for beauty products and women’s magazines that have yet to join the 21st century as they continue to peddle women’s objectification and body shaming, along with so-called empowerment. Women’s empowerment has become a soft, harmless version of feminism, a version that couldn’t possible elicit any negative emotions like outrage. Give me woke, nasty-woman feminism any day over this potpourri.
For example, I find it frustrating when events for women in tech interpret “female focused” as pastel colors, granola and yoga. Here are some other things women in tech actually care about — being good at their jobs, dealing with gender discrimination, learning new skills and networking with relevant people. All of these themes would work well at a women’s event, one where networking would result in actual connections and not uncomfortable dissing of inappropriate flirting.
So what needs to be done?
First, women need more power. What we don’t need is to be empowered, to receive approval from others before asking for what we deserve.
Next, women need solidarity and responsibility — yes, I believe (contrary to common criticism of feminism) that every person is responsible for their own life, and while there is injustice in the world, my problems are my own.
However, personal responsibility is also a part the puzzle, along with community and solidarity. When facing injustice and unfair circumstances, we must unite and help each other. In particular, help those in need: women who are less fortunate than ourselves. This brings me to my greatest criticism of women’s empowerment initiatives. Feeling empowered and catering to our need for self-esteem and self-actualization is at the very top of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Yet, the solid foundation enabling these pursuits is safety.
The epitome of feminism and it’s place as a movement for social change does not lie in making well-off women feel better about themselves, it lies in helping women who are in danger, women in need. It’s about helping the women who are harassed in crop fields and in fast food restaurants, women who can’t afford to sue or even speak of their harassment; it’s about the lack of shelters for victims of domestic violence.
The power women are missing and how to fix the imbalance of power in our society:
1. In the family — in the majority of households, women are still the primary caregivers and homemakers, whether or not they work (outside the house.) The main reason for this is that women usually make less money — whether it’s because they have been on maternity leave, choose jobs with shorter hours to accommodate their household responsibilities or because wages are simply unequal. While the choice to spend more time at home is a personal or marital one, the phenomenon speaks to the structure of our workplace and society. Equal pay for equal work — a law in many countries that is seldom monitored*, along with paternity leave, can even out the playing field and enable women to make equal or greater salaries than their husbands, changing the work/home dynamic.
2. In the workplace — studies show that people tend to trust, support, invest and hire people who are like them. It is easier to recognize success in people who have had similar experiences to your own and harder to recognize it in unfamiliar forms. By incentivizing companies to strive for diversity goals, we can fight these biases and force recruiters out of their comfort zone. Hiring more women/minorities and recognizing different forms of talent and potential will help our economies. As Darwin’s theory shows, a diverse input is required to achieve a fitter species, or in this case — to find a better qualified employee.
3. In decision making. Quotas, while controversial, have proven effective for improving the number of women who are elected ‘the regular way,’ after they are enforced for a short while. They are necessary because in every country there are laws that as a woman make you go “huh?” Laws where it’s clear men have made the decision for women. Female hygiene products are classified as luxury items (with higher taxation) while sexual-performance enhancing drugs are not. Or even the fact that there is such a widespread debate about women’s right to make their own choices, and that it is consensus in some circles that other values may come first. In Israel, Yonatan Haylu, a young Ethiopian-Israeli, is rotting in jail for defending himself from being raped a third time. His sentence, of twelve years, is almost twice as long as the maximum penalty for rape**. Go learn martial arts, they say. Empower yourself and feel confident. But use those skills? Be careful, you might be jailed for having too much power.
How women can improve their lives with responsibility and solidarity:
1. Manage your own resources — primarily, money. Earn what you deserve, be aware of your resources and make sure no one can take them away from you. Do you have a pension? Will you have enough to live off when you retire? Where are your savings? What will you be left with if you get divorced? Can your husband harm you financially if you do? How much are your colleagues making, what is the industry standard for your position — should you ask for a raise? Are you getting the social benefits you deserve?
2. Open your eyes to injustice — help women who are less fortunate than yourself and resist how easy it can be to be apathetic. This is why empowerment is toxic — because it makes us quiet. While it’s easier to live this way, we must be driven, assertive and woke; we must keep our eyes and hearts open to the pains of others and work to restore social justice.
3. Ask for help — being responsible also means admitting you need help, and not being too proud to ask for it. Join or form a community that you can trust, one that you can lean on in times of need. Contribute to your community and help others whenever you can.
This article was published in P-SEE (Politically Corret). P.See is an Israeli Feminist online publication, providing a women’s outlook on the news, current events, culture and social issues. P.See was founded in order to create news from a feminist perspective. However, like many feminist organizations, we quickly had to answer the question which feminist perspective? We strive to bring as many different feminist views and voices to the forefront of the media conversation in Israel.
We work together to create a newspaper that is feminist not just in the content it creates but also in the way it operates. Every woman who wishes to write about what’s going on around her is invited to take part in creating the newspaper. To date, our writer’s committee comprises over 2,000 women writers from all walks of life in Israel.
We are currently crowdfunding to fund our expansion—namely, from an active Facebook page to a proper news outlet—the first feminist, independent news outlet in Israel. Support our initiative.
Click here to read more of Ya’ara’s work.
*recently, Iceland passed legislation that requires employers to acquire a certificate from the authorities that says they do in fact give equal pay. In other countries, the only way to enforce this law is when employees sue their employer for discrimination — a charge that can be difficult to prove (when people are secretive about their salaries), and will result in a negative view of the employee in their workplace and prospective workplaces, too.
** while the tolerance for self-defense may be different in countries other than Israel, rape is still a crime that is hard to prove and even harder to charge (and survivors regularly get slut-shamed.) Sexual abuse is not even a crime in some countries, and even where it is, abusers get light sentences and are then welcomed back into society.
The views and opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect those of Lilith Magazine.